|Course title||Iberian and Canarian Vegetation: Landscapes and Human Impact|
|Institution||Universidad Politecnica de Madrid|
|Course address||EUIT Forestal|
|Minimum year of study||3rd year|
|Minimum level of English||Good|
|Minimum level of French||None|
|Key words||Vegetation, Spain, Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Human uses, Impact|
|Professor responsible||César López Leiva|
|Telephone||+34 913367549 – 913367669|
|Participating professors||César López Leiva, Aitor Gastón González, Ramón Elena Rosselló, Víctor González González de Linares, Carolina Martínez Santa-María, Mª Mar Génova Fuster, Juan Ignacio García Viñas, Juan Manuel Rubiales Jiménez, Ignacio García-Amorena|
|Number of places||Minimum: 10, Maximum: 40, Reserved for local students:|
· Provide a proper undestanding of diversity of phytocenoses and vegetal landscapes and the way they are geographically distributed in Spain, with special mention to mediterranean communities (forests, shrublands and grasslands) and singular covers (intrazonal and macaronesic –canarian- islands).
· Identification of most significative vegetal units, taking into account botanical composition, vertical and horizontal structures, evolutive dynamics (maturity level, stability) and indicator plants and traits.· Interpretation of causes that have determined and still influence the occurrence and distribution of current landscapes in Spain and the historical dynamics of phytogeographic evolution, highlighting human uses impact.
Show different approaches and methodologies for the analysis of vegetation covers and phytosociological relationship.
|Programme to be followed||
Overview of Spanish vegetation. Influential Factors. Landscapes: concepts and case studies.History of Spanish Forests and vegetationHigh Mountain vegetation. The timberline in mountain ranges. Shrublands and endemicityMountain Needle leaved Forests. Distribution. Main species. The case of southern Abies forestsDeciduous Forests and their domain. Substitution communities: shrublands and plantations. Prairies and pastures. Main species. Some case studies: National Parks.Submediterranean Forests and their domain. Distribution. Importance of lithology. Substitution communities: hedgerows, srhrublands, grasslands. Main speciesEsclerophyll Vegetation. Distribution. Types and varieties. Structures. Main species. Some examples: National Parks.Hyperxerophile vegetation. Distribution. Environmental management problemsIntrazonal vegetation: Rocky, sandy, salty and gypsum soilsRiparian vegetation. Woody communities. Main species. Case studies. RestorationVegetation transects in Spanish mountain rangesPlant selection for ecological restorationThe vegetation in the Canary Islands: Types and Human Impact. Some case studies
Laboratoy sessions: Use of Vegetation MapsIdentification of plant species-Herbarium samplesVisit to Arboretum A
Field Trip of 10 hrs. may be scheduled. It would consist of visits to several representative sites of vegetation landscapes in Madrid region.
Attendants may be asked to pay for the proportional cost of coach or minibus rental (around 25 or 30 €, depending on coach size,).
|Prerequisites||Students of Forest or Environmental Engineering and similar careers having basic knowledge of Systematic Botany and European phytogeography.|
|Course exam||Written and on-line tests|